Dear Damian, I know that the Institute is proud to have you among the two hundred visiting scholars and scientist that come to the Institute to undertake research that will make significant contributions in . . .
Sandor from GyomanedrQd HUNGARY
Programs should do more than just substitute for text and you should also do something with the answer, like print it out, otherwise my answer will be simply lost. But I get your point.
My wife reluctantly and . . .
Joe from Springfield MO, USA
The remaining time is probably too short to arrange an assured contact with me (with private freqs, timing, etc.), but do contact ARISS in Houston and they will be able to arrange contact with the permanent crew. . . .
Joe from Houston, USA
I agree with you to the extent that once we figure out what are the problems, we should also work on remedying them, not just masking their effects. But drugs, other than dietary supplements are not used, and I th . . .
Capt Williams from Bellevue, WA USA
Dear Capt Williams, Thank you for the kind words. The max force would be 4g’s briefly in a normal guided return and 8-9g’s briefly during a ballistic reentry which is a backup mode. Do not forget that . . .
Jan from Los Angeles, USA
Thanks Jan for the info, I did not know. I hope people were not disturbed by the noise. If really connected to our Soyuz, the stage is called the third, not the second, because the second stage impacts at a design . . .
Ernst from Palmdale, California
Thank you! Sleeping and eating came back right away, I even slept soundly on the helicopter from the landing site to the airport – true I had a bunk bed to stretch out it. Walking and standing was more diffi . . .
Ernst from Palmdale, California
No spacewalk: It is expensive, and physically very demanding, especially for the training. I now also realize that it would take a lot of time away from my short stay up here – with the activities surroundin . . .
George from Stirling, Canada
Dear George. I have not noticed this, but here is my theory. The normal relaxed pose for the hands is in front of you with the palms facing inside and down, kind of in between the pope blessing people or the Itali . . .
Bill from L.A.,USA
The main experiment is the recalibration of the “Pille” thermoluminescent dosimeter set. I also do a bone loss experiment, but as a subject, so it does not involve specific activities in space. I spend . . .
David from France
Pilots have a word for this, the “sight picture”. Our sight picture is not different from a jet flying at maybe 10,000 feet, or a helicopter flying at 1,000, the main difference is that the features th . . .
Aleksey from Moscow, Russia
The short answer is no. I only went to Moscow when I won in Hungary the Socialist Camp-wide competition for the best junior cosmonaut. In 2007 I was shown some written documentation that purported to show that I w . . .
Gergely from Budapest, Hungary
Software is not in great shape. Just use virtually anything other than the leading applications, and you will run into problems of every kind. It is aggravating, infuriating. My advice is to be aggravated, be infu . . .
Mary from Norwich UK
Dear Mary. On this trip the station is on Greenwich time. We wake up nominally 6:00 and lights out at 22:00. This is not that far from Moscow time - we stayed on Moscow time even in Baykonur – so our sl . . .
Babi from Hungary
Hello Babi, today I made contact with about 15 hams in Hungary, but the events have to be planned ahead of time otherwise it is very difficult to make contact but it is always a possibility. . . .
Dennis from Bethany, Oklahoma USA
Thanks Dennis. I feel my sleep is deeper because I dream more and wake up less. When I wake up it is because of the backache (which is normal for space) and once because I got a headache from the CO2 accumulating . . .
Shen from College Station, USA
The most important experiment is the measurement of the radiation using thermoluminescent dosimeters developed in Hungary but organized by the Russians.
Frankly, as to wide access to space the key physical q . . .
Charles from Atlanta, GA, United States
I am focusing on the experiments and communicating the experience. Time really flies, and it is only now on the third day that we unstowed my food rations, it is scary how much stuff is there and how much food we . . .
Ken from Adams,MA.
The scale of the universe does not change from orbit, it is just as impressive as it is from the ground on a clear and dark night. For very high magnification instruments, like the Hubble telescope, being in space . . .
jyothsna from chennai, india
Emanuel Kant, the great German philosopher said that two things filled him with awe: the starry sky on the outside, and the moral sense in the inside. It is certainly hard not to have a sense of awe looking at the . . .
Francisco from Maracaibo, Venezuela
Excellent question: no it does not. It is more efficient to throw away dirty clothes (which are very simple to begin with) than to wash them. All the trash is burnt up by the returning freighters. The Shuttle some . . .
Linden from Seattle, WA
No question in my mind. I think the qualities are very much those of pilots. President Eisenhower was very wise when he decreed that the first astronauts be selected from among military test pilots. Since then the . . .
Dave from United States
The high bandwidth connection to the ISS is through the TDRS geostationary satellites, using the Ku and S frequency bands. This is of course line-of sight but with a number of TDRS’s in place better than 80% . . .
Daniel from Budapest, Hungary
On the ISS the official language is English. The key station documentation is both in English and Russian. Signage is either in English or in both – in the Russian segment.
On the Soyuz the official lang . . .
Don from Nashville,TN U.S.A.
Dear Don, you are making an excellent point. I do not scuba, but imagine that it is very much like floating in weightlessness. I always say that space is not a benign environment, there are many unknowns abou . . .
Lucas from Porto Alegre, Brazil
We got max 4g’s for a very short period of time, but during most of the 8 minutes we had 1-1.5 g’s only. Look, roughly we need 8000 m/sec and we have 500 seconds to do it, we need to accelerate only 16 . . .
Robert from Los Gatos, Ca
No, wrinkles are the same. I dream normally – to my chagrin – I would like to dream of space to re-live it. Maybe later in life. If anything I dream more than on the ground, I feel very rested after sl . . .
JPA from france
I would if I stayed longer and if I had my player. I counted on finding the loaded player I left here last time. I remember listening to Bach’s “Johannes Passion” here, or Cezar Frank. . . .
Victor from Dominican Republic
My only “complaint” is that we have too much food. Wish i could have taken another experiment instead of my 2nd food pack. The quality is excellent and you will find more details in other answers.
. . .
Jim from Palo Alto, CA, USA
I certainly have, it was practically a non-event. To be sure, I’ve also trained harder than before. The only fear I have is if the training made me insensitive to my balance sense and I would have problems w . . .
Marlie from Arcata CA
It is a drag race that lasts 8 minutes, not just a few seconds on the drag strip. . . .
Ni from Netherlands
Thanks for watching Hungarian TV! I think my most important strength is perseverance. As with any strength it can be overdone and must be tempered and in a way I have a surplus of this strength, but I am happy to . . .
Rudi from Budapest, Hungary
I was euphoric and for a short while I thought I could do anything. At any case I was happy to settle to be able to do a few more things. In terms of my environment, I thought the Earth was a good place to be, but . . .
Peter from NYC, USA
Dear Peter, thanks for the good wishes. We all know the good advice of hundreds of books and articles on the subject, they are basically all true. But, because there are so many rules, I think it still makes sense . . .
Andrew from Ann Arbor, Michigan
The broadcasts are great – we had the pleasure of watching the shuttle landing from the station. As to the photos, I have no particular goal with the new camera, it is really a gift to the station and a lot . . .
Andrey from Russia
Thanks Andrey! It is a more complex mission but executed with more experience so it seems easier. . . .
Brandon from Lock Haven, PA U.S.A.
Dear Brandon – this is where the experience comes in. Can you imagine training for bicycling without using a bicycle? Weightlessness is like that, the training is just to help tolerating it but it won’ . . .
Trish from Seattle, usa
It is mostly water with fascinating patterns of clouds. At lower altitudes, form the Soyuz, we saw some many fascinating sights of landmasses that are familiar to us from school: Spain, Italy, Sicily, the Red sea. . . .
Krisztina from Komarom, Hungary
Dear Krisztina, and it is interesting the two Hungarians can communicate in English. Climate change is just that – change – it is difficult to tell from by looking at one picture unless you have seen t . . .
David from Pensacola, USA
Dear David; I see very large parts, but not the whole, but I know what you mean. I am amazed how nature repeats the same patterns in completely different scales and in different media. I am looking at familiar clo . . .
Edgar from Los Angeles, CA
Dear Edgar, it is very much like a Chrismas night. The sky actually does not look different from what it is like on Earth if you go to the mountains far from a city. The space between the starts is really black. T . . .
Anthony from Tempe, AZ, United States
Dear Anthony: the capsule, the CA, is unbelievably crowded especially in a spacesuit. You have to be almost like a contortionist just to get in our out of your seat, one at a time of course. The living compartment . . .
Hans-Jorgen from Skagen, Denmark
Dear Hans-Jorgen, this is a great question. The sun is unbelievably white. We cannot look at it directly, but we see pieces of the station bathed in this light which is very much like in the theater, sharp and wit . . .
Kuba from Poland
Of course I dreamed of it, but not seriously. Who would have believed this even as late as 2000? Civilians in space? An incredible idea. . . .
Kirk from Nyiregyhaza Hungary
Dear Kirk, I am not sure if I will be able to visit in Aarhus this year. The station ha more space and it is better organized. I think it is ready for the permanent six crew which is the current plan. . . .
Casey from Temple, Texas
Thanks Casey, that was the motto for my first flight: “From ideas to reality”. I may have had doubts about the sanity of going again, but now that I am here I am very happy I decided to go and that my . . .
Emily Marie from Arcata,California
Many foods you eat the same way as in gravity, the foods naturally adhere to the spoon or the fork – really they are quite interchangeable. Liquids have to be drank through straws or tubes, although water ca . . .
Oleg from Belarus
Thanks Oleg, I hope there will be more time to work the Ham radio because it is such a great communication medium, especially with space on the 2m band. 73’s HA5SIK . . .
Ron from Blacksburg, United States
Thanks Ron for the mail, I feel that being in space is a great privilege and I feel enormously gratified to be able to participate in the exploration of space and to share the experience with others.
We were . . .
Jim from Burlington VT USA
Sarah from Germany
I hope very much that you will be able to fulfill your dream. Living in space is extraordinary, a combination of frontier living, life on a submarine, in a busy office, and an amusement park. Tschuss, c . . .
Deric from San Diego CA USA
You are right, the acceleration this time did not feel that great and I moved my hands and used the mirror on my arm to look at the earth after the launch shroud was jettisoned. Also, zero g was absolutely no prob . . .
Shiblee from Bangladesh
Dear Shiblee, I am so busy now I haven’t really formed a plan for this, let’s wait and see. But it is bound to be a kind déjà vu, in the positive sense of recognizing a pattern of familia . . .
Keith from Centerview, USA
Yes, I did a so so job last time and I intend to do much better this time. I communicated my positive experience with the HAM sessions to Richard Garriott who then did a fantastic job which would be difficult to e . . .
Alan from Beijing, China
Alan, I am counting on finding my old mp3 player with my old music. I actually did not have much opportunity to listen to music at all, so I did not focus on getting and loading new music equipment. I have traced . . .
pedram from Tehran, Iran
Thank you Pedram, very much!
. . .
Sheilah from Havertown, Pennsylvania
Thank you! I do not feel particularly brave, but I take the compliment. It is a very educational and in parts difficult experience, but it is not dangerous or painful as such. . . .
Gerry from Malibu, CA USA
Dear Gerry, Thanks a million! . . .
Kathy from Seattle,Wa.USA
I gave a Russian-style party at Star City to all the instructors and friends there, and had a long discussion with Sergey Krikolov who is probably the most experienced spacefarer with more than 800 days and 6 trip . . .
alexandria from baltimore
Going to the bathroom is helped by a flow of air that carries all the waste into a porous bag which is then sealed and stored for disposal by de-orbiting and burning it up. Just a nice steady airflow is needed bec . . .
Nicolas from Halmstad, Sweden
Hej Nicolas, good to hear from you. The Soyuz #224 is exactly the same as #220. Some improvements were made in the separation bolts as a result of the investigations, and the ventilation pipe on the flight enginee . . .
Barbara Ann from Baton Rouge, United States
Actually I will return with two cosmonauts, Mike Fincke and Yuri Lonchakov who have been up there for the last six months. So my trip is part of the regular crew rotation – and we are rotating the lifeboat s . . .
Jennifer from USA
Dear Jennifer,The funds I am spending are helping the world’s space program that is generally funded by taxes on everyone. I appreciate the extra advantage I get in return for this help, namely the flig . . .
Sheryl from Columbia, SC, US
Thank you Sheryl. In the nominal flight the hardest challenge is to avoid the car-sickness-like space sickness that is caused by weightlessness. Most of my training these days is to make me more resistant to this, . . .
Archana from Bhubaneswar,India
Suni was very helpful to me while I stayed on the station. I was amazed how she ran the marathon there – I have pictures of her running and of her time. Did you know that she is a helicopter pilot in the Nav . . .
draevon from Minneapolis, USA
As a kid I was always interested how things worked, and computers were a challenge: not only I did not know how they worked but I did not even know what they really did (at that time they did not do obvious things . . .
Mike from Neptune, NJ USA
Thanks Mike – as you see many other people share your sentiments and this is very motivating for me. . . .
K. from LADY LAKE, FLORIDA
Yes, exactly 4 months ago. . . .
Stefan from Cleveland, USA
Great questions. First, the ballistic re-entry. It is one of the four modes of reentry, and it is not considered an emergency mode, but a backup mode. Of course, if during the automatic guided reentry something wo . . .
Marc from Apeldoorn, Netherlands
I am planning to send a lot of SSTV – or at least the still pictures of the life on the station and the view from the station as long as I can feed the unit new batteries. Unlike the HAM radio, the SSTV came . . .
Marisol from Santa Clarita, Ca USA
No, I promised my wife that this will be my last trip to space. The various plans to go to the moon (actually close to, or even around the moon) are very exciting though, and I will follow them with great interest . . .
Brenda from Hernando, FL
Thanks for the good wishes – I should look into the patch. We have the space quiz until then…. . . .
David from Chula Vista, CA, USA
As you know, lotteries are highly regulated by governments (in this case I would agree with the need for regulation) but I always maintained that the exploration of space is essentially a political question in the . . .
Bruce from Princeton NJ
I am looking forward to seeing Freeman Dyson, Emeritus Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study, at this launch where his daughter Esther is in the backup crew! Dr. Peter Goddard, the director of the Institut . . .
Patrick from Austin, Texas, USA
I do not know about the energy picture in Russia other than that they have huge mineral and fossil fuel resources being the largest country in the world with a poor prior record of discovery and exploitation &ndas . . .
sheldon from Montreal, Canada
The ride is not that different than being in a helicopter at the start and later it is like a high-performance aircraft pulling G-s. The noise level is not unusually high. There is quite a bit of vibration but not . . .
jorgen from gothenburg, Sweden
Jorgen, I certainly hope so. We know that the ISS orbit is carefully watched, since just the other day there was a warning that a piece of metal came uncomfortably close to the station. There was a discussion . . .
Bence from Munich, Germany
Bence, you are referring to the tradition of the chief designer delivering a swift kick in our behinds as we climb the stairs to the Soyuz. I would not dream of interfering with this, or any other space tradi . . .
Victoria from Seattle
Thank you Victoria! This time the launch will be closer to sunset; it will be less dramatic at ignition, but more of the ascent will be visible. Thank you also for keeping me healthy and fit so I could do this and . . .
Eva from Sydney, Australia
I volunteered for a number of experiments which were planned by the various space organizations, but could not perform them mostly because of the lack of astronaut time. These experiments are not difficult to perf . . .
Manickaraj from Bangalore, India
Dear Manickaraj, thank you for the question. Of course people seriously interested in computers should learn all they can about computers. To excel in this world, one thing I feel is lacking today is the understan . . .
Miguel from Mattawan, MI, USA
Thank you! What you are suggesting is a political, rather than business proposition and should be advanced to and by politicians. Look up Helen Sharman on the Internet – she is the only British cosmonaut to . . .
Andras from Salgotarjan, Hungary
I will be doing much more HAM work than last time, but the world is very big. Check with the Puskas Tivadar Technikum about possible comm pass times. . . .
orban from nagyvarad
Nagyon szepen koszonom! Thank you! . . .
simonyi, sandor from hungary
Thank you very much! Great hugs! . . .
Andrey from Voronezh, Russia
Thank you Andrey for the kind words. I think the danger is real, but not excessive. Paradoxically, the careful monitoring of the orbit itself creates public awareness of the possibility and thus people become conc . . .
Deniz from Antalya / Turkiye
For longer than a month, right now it is Earth, by far. You should see how the astronauts and cosmonauts long to return after six month – how disappointed they are with every small delay. Being in space for . . .
Richard from Utrecht, Netherlands
Dear Richard: It is great that you decided to come to a launch. This one will be particularly nice because it will be late in the afternoon, local time, so the sun will shine on the rocket sideways and will remain . . .
Cezar from Pascani, Romania
This is one time when I have practically no role; I will take lots of pictures and videos using my Canon PowerShot camera and follow the action using the checklist. The chances that my crew would miss something ar . . .
Dorothy from South Africa
Unfortunately my experience is completely insufficient to answer your question. I am so sorry. . . .
jake from cambridge, england
Excellent question. Mostly learned to live and work in space, just like the first time bicycle rider or the first time car driver mostly learns by trial and error about a completely new environment where the rules . . .
fricska from Pecs, Hungary
From your nickname I am guessing that you may be young. That is great, because you need time and perseverance to accomplish anything that is not common. I do not think there is a single way to become a cosmonaut; . . .
Gergo Almasi from Budapest
Ha ha. There is a concept in economics called the “velocity of money” – that would certainly increase, too. . . .
Szabo from Cegled, Hungary
Well, Space Tourism is a substantial business already although the number of customers is still very low. The next steps are weightless flights on airplanes – which are a lot of fun and quite affordable.&nbs . . .
Kendra from Szarvas, Hungary
Koszonom szepen, remelem less sok alkalom magyarul is beszelni az amator radiosok segitsegevel peldaul. . . .
Cleanna from Glen Oaks, New York
Good point. When I first saw the earth in its full majesty the thought did occur to me that it will be a complex enterprise to get back there. But it was even more complex to get out, and that was then alread . . .
Jan from Bellevue, WA
First. I can say with some confidence that Moore’s law had no direct effect on manned spaceflight, especially not on the Soyuz. The indirect effects of Moore’s law have been enormous of course, wi . . .
Miguel from Mexico
Absolutely. I have great hopes for the second mission. I will have more time and, if everything goes as planned, more help to make interesting video clips of life and work on the station and also do more phot . . .
Viktor from Paris,France
Thanks Viktor for the tip. This time I am taking plenty of patches with me to Baykonur. Sounds like you are familiar with this wonderful museum that, among other artifacts, has some of the early Soviet computers t . . .
Tibor from Molfsee, Germany
I saw MiniWonderWorld in Hamburg that has the Spaceport that may be the one you are talking about – a big model of a Saturn 5, or maybe a Space Shuttle. BTW, there is a space-toy exhibit right now in Nu . . .
Zoltan from Hungary
Mint ahogy emlitette, a nyilvanos fellepesek utan sokan megkerdeztek hogy szeretnek-e megegyszer repulni. Erre en – mint a tobbi urturista is – mindig azt valaszoltam hogy termeszetesen igen. Igy amiko . . .
Karoly from Budapest, HUN - Boston,US
Cold drinks. Apparently many people felt this way because now there is a small refrigerator in the American segment. Apart from that I would have loved to have more time. If I stayed for many months I would love t . . .
Peter, HA4WU from Kisapostag, Hungary
Dear Peter, we are working on the dates – keep in touch with the HAM community there, I hope there will be more opportunities this time. 73 to you and all HAMs in HA. . . .
Ella from Australia
Dear Ella, space food these days is quite good. The biggest problem is that it needs to be storable without refrigeration and that it has to have a reasonable consistency – no crumbs in other words. I like t . . .
John from Shady Side, MD, USA
Yes, I took a few small items – my passport, my first computer program, an old postcard signed by and given to me personally by Cosmonaut Pavel Popovich in 1963, and other such things. Now, being married, I . . .
Cameron from Saint Petersburg, FL USA
I will do much more than during the first trip – I will have more time and more skills. I appreciate the value of the station NA1SS for the ham community. Richard Garriot did such a great job that will be ha . . .
Nicolas from Nancy, France
That is a great idea but we need official permission to do this. I am working on it. We have a tiny Canon camera with spare batteries and chips that is great for taking videos. But the return is a very dynamic env . . .
Nelleke from Belgium
We rub down with towels that are pre-wetted with water and soap and then use other towels to dry. Instead of shampoo we use a herbal extract that is rubbed into the scalp and then wiped off. It makes for a lot of . . .
renzel from Cambridge uk
It is a terrific feeling, a majestic view of a calm and beautiful planet. I feel very independent and dependent at the same time – can you see why? The food tastes just the same as on the ground. The “ . . .
lauren from seattle, wa
Hi Lauren – wish I knew. I think the brainwaves investigation is not an experiment, but it is just a diagnostic tool just looking for abnormalities. We get all these medical tests that are usually not perfor . . .
Robert from Douglas, Mass. USA
Dear Bob. I flew the 7X in the sim to qualify for a type rating as second in command, and also did 3 takeoffs and landing in prototype #1. I was very impressed by the ease of use and precision of fly by wire . . .
Jonathan from Trois Rivieres
To my knowledge there is no such research. The major current unknowns of long-term space flight – radiation and weightlessness – unfortunately would not be alleviated by suspended animation so the . . .
Alexander from Redmond, USA
My experience is with this flight so I can do it again with minimal extra training and I can be more effective than the first time. Going to the Moon would be very interesting of course, but it is for younger peop . . .
Christopher from Crestview Fl USA
Floating, or weightlessness can be a very pleasant sensation, not unlike diving underwater and just relaxing there briefly. If you experience it the first time, it can be also unpleasant. Your stomach jumps up a l . . .
Tevfik from Okatie, SC, USA
Thanks for your good wishes. Unfortunately it is pretty difficult to come here to Kazakhstan and to the Russian base of Baykonur. Space Adventures organizes tours for the launches. My launch will be on the 26th o . . .
Mate from Budapest, Hungary
Orbital spaceflight will remain a very rare experience for the next 20-50 years, especially in countries that do not participate in one of the large space organizations such as ESA. For example, to date no Britons . . .
Joe from Houston, USA
Absolutely. The only way we can generate “gravity” is by spinning, and, if weightlessness is indeed the culprit in space health problems, the only way we could prove this and counter it at the same tim . . .
J. from Leuven, Belgium
You are referring to metal construction set parts which are the best instructional playthings. I took Marklin parts to make a small model of the space station up last time. This model and pictures . . .
Chris from Alexandria, VA, USA
I did read up on zodiac glow after my flight and realized that it is not at all what I observed. My fellow cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhen who stayed on the station for six months has made some specta . . .